ORMAS V1.1: Online Rock Mass Strength
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|Copyright ©2022 Roozbeh Geraili Mikola. All Right reserved |
|Field estimate of strength||Examples||Uniaxial Compressive Strength (MPa)|
|Specimen can only be chipped with a geological hammer||Fresh basalt, chert, diabase, gneiss, granite, quartzite|
|Specimen requires many blows of a geological hammer to fracture it||Amphibolite, sandstone, basalt, gabbro, gneiss, granodiorite, limestone, marble, rhyolite, tuff|
|Specimen requires more than one blow of a geological hammer to fracture it||Limestone, marble, phyllite, sandstone, schist, shale|
|Cannot be scraped or peeled with a pocket knife, specimen can be fractured with a single blow from a geological hammer||Claystone, coal, concrete, schist, shale, siltstone|
|Can be peeled with a pocket knife with difficulty, shallow indentation made by firm blow with point of a geological hammer||Chalk, rocksalt, potash|
|Crumbles under firm blows with point of a geological hammer, can be peeled by a pocket knife||Highly weathered or altered rock|
|Indented by thumbnail||Stiff fault gouge|
|Select mi value from the list and click OK to close the dialog.|
|Select the modulus ratio (MR). Intact modulus (Ei) will be automatically calculated by multiplication of the modulus ratio (MR) by the uniaxial compressive strength of the intact rock (sigci): |
Ei = MR x sigci
1-Select the unit system. Either Metric or Imperial units can be selected in ORMAS. In Metric, the stress units are Megapascals (MPa) or Kilopascal (kPa). In Imperial, the stress units may be either pound per square foot (psf) or pound per square inch (psi).
2-Enter the uniaxial compressive strength of the intact rock (sigci) or click on the list button beside the sigci input, and select the strength range. Click OK to close the dialog
3-Enter the GSI value or click on the list button beside the GSI input, use the mouse or keyboard to define a value. Click OK to close the dialog
4-Enter the mi value or click on the list button beside the mi input, and select the mi value from the list. Click OK to close the dialog.
5-Enter the disturbance factor (D) or click of the disturbance factor dialog to select the D value. D is a factor depends on the degree of disturbance due to blast damage andstress relaxation. Click OK to close the dialog. See Ref. 1 and 2 for more information.
6-Enter the Ei value or click of the modulus ratio (mr) dialog to estimate the intact rock modulus. The Mr value can be estimated by selecting the list button beside the Mr edit box. The intact modulus (Ei) is automatically calculated. Click OK to close the dialog. See Ref. 1 and 2 the Rock Mass Modulus topic for more information.
7-There are three possible selections for failure envelope range such as custom, tunnels, slopes. When the failure envelope range option = Custom, you may enter any value of sigma3max. Based on the principles outlined in this paper, ORMAS estimates maximum sigma3 values for Tunnel or Slope design applications.
Note:Whenever input data is entered or changed in ORMAS, failure envelopes are automatically updated to reflect the current input data. In addition to the basic strength criterion parameters, various other parameters are computed (e.g. tensile strength, uniaxial compressive strength, rock mass deformation modulus), according to the current strength criterion.
1-The Hoek-Brown parameters are calculated using the Generalized Hoek-Brown failure criterion. For a definition of these parameters, and the equations which define them, please see Ref. 1 and 2.
2-The calculation of equivalent Mohr-Coulomb parameters from the Hoek-Brown failure criterion, is provided by ORMAS program.
3-The rock mass parameters such as rock mass tensile strength (sigt), uniaxial rock mass compressive strength (sigc) andglobal rock mass compressive strength (sigcm) as well as rock mass modulus of deformation (Erm) are also calculated. For the definitions of these parameters, and the equations used to calculate them, please see Ref. 1 and 2.
By default, ORMAS plots both the principal stress envelope (sigma1 versus sigma3) and the shear-normal strength envelope, for the current strength criterion and strength parameters which are in effect.
ORMAS offers a summary of input and output parameters as well as both plots in pdf format. By clicking on "Report" button you will be able to save the report in your local machine.
1. Hoek, E., Carranza-Torres, C.T., and Corkum, B. (2002), Hoek-Brown failure criterion - 2002 edition. Proc. North American Rock Mechanics Society meeting in Toronto in July 2002.
2. Hoek, E., (2000). Practical Rock Engineering.
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ANY PERSON WHO USES THIS PRODUCT DOES SO AT HIS/HERS SOLE RISK ANDWITHOUT LIABILITY TO ORMAS.
ORMAS is a free software for determining rock mass strength parameters, based on the Generalized Hoek-Brown failure criterion. The first version of this program was written in matlab as part of a college project in my previous life and recently I decided to rewrite it by java, html as well as php to make it available directly from the internet.
ORMAS is non-commercial and free to use. If you have questions or comments, please contact me at email@example.com. Visit my personal web page to find out about the other free software or my experiences and research interests.